The origin of card games is not clearly known. Different theories came up with different proofs of the origin at different places.
To get the history of card games we have to go back to the time of dominoes or tiles that Chinese gamblers and game players used as the medium for their competitions before the cards were created. Playing cards were known to be introduced by the Chinese after the invention of paper.
The earliest cards in China were known as money cards and were made of four different suits, Strings of coins, coins, myriads of strings and tens of myriads objects. These were represented with numerals between 2 to 9 in the first three suits and for the “tens of myriads” the numbers were from 1 to 9.
After that, many western versions, such as Conquian, Kanhoo and others came into limelight across the world. It is assumed that the card games and its variants might have spread all across the world due to Chinese immigrants, British and Portuguese merchants who were familiarized with the game during their stay in the mainland.
The Indian playing cards have several common features with the early European cards. The cups, swords and rings that were shown in the hands of the Indian statues in the earliest playing cards have much in common with the earliest Sicilian cards.